Chartered Certified Accountants & Chartered Tax Advisers
A SIMPLE GUIDE TO THE BUDGET 2020
This is a basic guide to the spring budget. It’s an introduction only and should not be used as a definitive guide, since individual circumstances may vary. Specific advice should be obtained, where necessary.
The message from the Chancellor was that this is a budget that shows ‘the government gets things done.’
You can read the individual measures and details of some of the numerous consultations below.
Rates and allowances
|Income tax rates – (non-dividend income)|
|0% lower rate tax – savings rate only||Up to 5,000||Up to 5,000|
|20% basic rate tax||12,501 to 50,000||12,501 to 50,000|
|40% higher rate tax||50,001 to 150,000||50,001 to 150,000|
|45% additional rate tax||Above 150,000||Above 150,000|
|Scottish Income tax rates – (non-dividend income)|
|19% starting rate tax||12,501 to 14,549||12,501 to 14,585|
|20% basic rate tax||14,550 to 24,944||14,586 to 25,158|
|21% intermediate rate tax||29,945 to 43,430||25,159 to 43,430|
|41% higher rate tax||43,431 to 150,000||43,431 to 150,000|
|46% top rate||Above 150,000||Above 150,000|
The tax-free dividend allowance is unchanged at £2,000.
The corporation tax rate will remain at 19%.
Annual investment allowance
Companies will be able to claim £1m as AIA for expenditure incurred from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2020. No announcement was made on extending the date and if unchanged, it will fall to £200,000.
Structure and Building allowance
The relief was increased to 3% and will be available for expenditure on non-residential buildings, for which construction contracts are entered into after 29 October 2018. The increase will take effect from 1 April 2020 for corporation tax and 6 April 2020 for income tax with transitional rules applying.
Making tax digital
There were no announcements on MTD except that the government will publish an evaluation on the introduction of MTD for Vat.
VAT thresholds remain unchanged.
The lifetime limit on gains eligible for Entrepreneurs’ Relief has been reduced from £10 million to £1 million for qualifying disposals made on or after 11 March 2020.
The chancellor has pushed ahead with the IR35 changes due to impact businesses from April 2020. All businesses will need to review the Finance Bill, which will contain the rules to be implemented and explanatory notes.
Employment allowance reform
The allowance was increased to £4,000 but is no longer universal with several conditions applying. Including that from April 2020, this will be limited to employers with an employer NICs bill below £100,000 in the previous tax year.
Small and medium-sized businesses and employers to cope with the extra costs of paying COVID-19 related SSP will be refunded for eligible SSP costs.
Increasing the flat rate tax deduction for home working
From April 2020 the maximum flat rate Income Tax deduction available to employees to cover additional household expenses has been increased from £4 to £6 per week where they work at home under homeworking arrangements.
Time to pay
HMRC has a set up a phone helpline 0800 0159 559 to support businesses and self-employed people concerned about not being able to pay their tax due to coronavirus (COVID-19).
HMRC have been given the budget to increase compliance and investigation team headcounts by 1,300, with an expectation that they will raise an additional £4.5bn in tax by 2025, including measures such as a crackdown on taxi firms and scrap metal dealers operating in the grey economy and CIS scheme irregularities.
From 6 April 2020, the adjusted income limit will rise to £240,000 (increased from £150,000) and the threshold income limit will rise to £200,000 (increased from £110,000).
For higher earners the government also reduced the minimum reduced annual allowance that you can have under the tapering rules from £10,000 to £4,000.
From April 2020 the 50% Retail Rates Relief announced earlier this year is increased to 100% from April 2020. This relief will be extended to include retail, leisure and hospitality sectors, meaning a full relief for those with a rateable value under £51,000 in these sectors. Additionally, small businesses that qualify for 100% Small Business Rate Relief will be eligible for Small Business Grant Funding of £3000 via local authorities. From April 1 2020 a one year business rates discount of £5000 will be available for pubs with a rateable value below £100,000.
SMEs should register on the apprenticeship employer hub before the end of the month to benefit from Apprenticeship levy funding. You can find out more about ACCA Apprenticeship Programmes here.
Research & Development Expenditure Credit (RDEC) rate increases from 12% to 13% from 1 April 2020. The changes to the PAYE cap on the payable tax credit in the SME R&D schemes has been delayed until April 2021.
The Nil-rate band remains at £325,000. The residence nil-rate band for deaths in the following tax years are:
- £100,000 in 2017 to 2018
- £125,000 in 2018 to 2019
- £150,000 in 2019 to 2020
- £175,000 in 2020 to 2021
Interest relief for landlords
Landlords will be able to obtain relief as follows:
Finance cost allowed in full Finance cost allowed at basic rate
Year to 5 April 2020 25% 75%
Year to 5 April 2021 0% 100%
Phoenix and insolvent companies
The government pushed back the change the rules when a business enters insolvency HMRC will be a preferential creditor to 1 December 2020.
The ATED charges increase automatically each year in line with inflation (based on the previous September’s CPI).
|Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED)|
|More than £0.5m but not more than £1m||3,650||3,700|
|More than £1m but not more than £2m||7,400||7,500|
|More than £2m but not more than £5m||24,800||25,200|
|More than £5m but not more than £10m||57,900||59,850|
|More than £10m but not more than £20m||116,100||118,050|
|More than £20m||232,350||236,250|
This is a basic guide. It should not be used as a definitive guide, since individual circumstances may vary. Specific advice should be obtained, where necessary.